Fruit pulp industry is having great demand in India as well as having export market. As there is a huge demand for export, entrepreneurs can well venture into this field to install this unit even in startup programme as promoted by PM India Modi Ji.
India is the home of mango fruit. A large number of varieties are found in almost all parts of the country. According to statistics collected by the Fruit Development Adviser, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Bihar and West Bengal lead in mango growing.
Among the numerous varieties, `Safaida’ and `Duschri’ of U.P. `Alphonso’ of Ratnagiri, `Badami’ of Mysore, `Benishan’ of East Coast, and `Raspuri’ `Neelam’ and `Mulgoa’ of Tamil nadu and Karnataka are the most important varieties for canning. The ‘Bangalora’ or `Totapari’ mango which is an assured and heavy annual beater, and also yields an excellent pulp or juice, is sometimes canned to give a fairly good canned product. Juicy and fibrous varieties are not quite suitable for canning. They are mostly used for making juice, squash, nectar, chutney and pickles.
The mango is one of the oldest tropical fruits and has been cultivated by man for over 900+ years, originating apparently in Indo-Burma region. to the large population of Asia, particularly Southern Asia and Malaysia, the mango plays the role as the major fruit of the region, much as the apple looms in importance in North America and Europe.
The mango fruit is eaten in its raw, fresh form when ripe. Unripened fruits are commonly used for preparing jellies, jams and preserves. Mango blends well with numerious processed foods, such as ice creams. The pulp of the fruit is soft and tasty (pequant). Some persons not subtle presence of a turpentine like characteristics in some varieties although the aroma is delicately pleasant. It is also used to prepare squash, nectar beverages etc.
Tomato pulp is very much popular vegetable in India derived from tomato fruit. It is a ground form of tomato from which skin and seeds are removed. Tomato is rich in vitamins A,B,C. This fruit is a very delicious refreshing and appetizing eatable item. Tomato ketchups ar being popular in children and even in adults.
Tomato can not be kept as such for a long period. Hence large quantities were being wasted in the past due to the delay in processing. By the introduction of tomato pulp, it become possible to serve the fruit for a longer period in the form of tomato pulp.
Tomato pulp is a ground form of tomato having only 6 % solid content. A wide variety of products are available by processing tomato pulp. It is used for the production of sauce, ketch up, juice etc. from tomato.
Tomato pulp (paste) is usually manufactured from tomato fruit by the use of a pulping machine. Best quality products are obtainable by the selection of proper equipments and use of good quality tomatoes.
- Mango pulp is washed for preparation of fruit juice squash etc.
- It is also used for preparation of Jam and Jellies.
- It is used for nutrition fruits drinks.
Tomato pulp is used for the production of a wide variety of tomato products. By adding proper additives and keeping under specified conditions, tomato pulp can be preserved for a longer period. The various items that can be produced from tomato pulp are:
Tomato puree and tomato concentrate are prepared by the evaporation of water from tomato pulp.
Tomato ketch up
Tomato ketch up can be prepared from tomato pulp by processing with onion, garlic, chillies and other spices.
Tomato pulp is an intermediate stage in the manufacture of sauce.
Tomato chutney is usually prepared from pulp by concentrating and processing with salts and other spices.
The Global Fruit and Vegetables Processing industry is expected to grow at a much faster rate in the next five years compared to the previous five. Major growth is anticipated to occur in China and India whereas marginal declines are expected to occur in the United States due to shifting preferences towards fresh fruits and vegetables. Demand for product segments will vary around the world, but changing consumer diets and rising incomes (especially in developing countries) will result in strong overall growth. Companies that can capitalize on the lack of vegetable consumption across the United States and Europe will reinforce this. Industry revenue is forecast to increase at an annualized rate of 3.3% in the five years to 2018 to reach $211.1 billion.
The Global food Processing industry produces a variety of products including canned fruits and vegetables, fruit and vegetable juices, soups, sauces and dehydrated fruits and vegetables. Industry performance over the past five years has been influenced by general factors such as global population and GDP growth. The more industry-specific issues such as increased demand for convenient prepared meals, increased health and nutrition awareness, increased significance of branding and greater competition from private labels have also contributed to growth. Overall, industry revenue is expected to grow at an annualized rate of 0.6% to reach $179.1 billion in the five years to 2013. However, growth has differed between product lines and markets. In 2013, revenue is forecast to grow by 1.0%.
India’s fruit trees had a bumper harvest last year, leading the country to become the second largest fruit producer in the world, after China, according to the Ministry of Horticulture, as reported by The Times of India. India produced 82.631 million tonnes of fruit in 2014-15 while China topped the list with 154.364 million tonnes.
The Ministry has also stated that fruit production in India is faster than vegetables, despite the latter constituting a larger segment of the horticulture sector.
In fact, India is the world’s leading producer for some fruits like banana, mango and Papaya, while it is the second largest producer of sugarcane and the third largest producer of Coconut.
The fruit juice industry has made good progress in India. According to trade sources, the total market for fruit drinks & nectars has reportedly shown a growth rate of 10 -15% per annum in the past.
The Indian market for fruit juices has reported an annual growth of 25-30%. The new sector which has potential to be explored is combination of various products like fruit and milk combination, fruit-yogurt drinks that are more natural & nutritious drinks.
Mango lovers will have to wait longer this year as the season is delayed. The delayed season will also hit processing units in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, which produce most of the mango pulp for the international markets.
According to mango processors in Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, and Krishnagiri, Tamil Nadu, mango pulp production can be affected because of low yield of fruits. Heavy rains during the end of last year affected flowering in mango trees and arrivals of fruit are expected only by May-end. Normally, the season commences in middle or end of April.
EIRI, Delhi (India) have recently prepared a detailed techno-economic feasibility report on FRUIT PULP & TOMATO PASTE (MANGO PULP, TOMATO PASTE & OTHERS) for setting up the unit by new entrepreneur.
The unit may be setup at anywhere in India including Punjab, UP, Haryana, Karnataka etc.
Rated Plant capacity = 5.00 Ton/day
(Mango Pulp: 1 MT/Day, Guava Pulp: 1 Ton/Day, Tomato Pulp: 2 Ton/Day, Tomato Paste: 1 Ton/Day)
Land area reqd. 1 Acre (4000 sq.mt): Rs. 2,61,00,000.00
PLANT & MACHINERY: Rs. 85 Lacs
Project Cost: Rs. 4.30 cr.