Ingots are very large casting products, greater in size and shape than blooms, billets and slabs. Ingot generally has rectangular/square cross section, but it is not necessary that it should be uniform through out its length. (Ingot may have variable cross section.)
Aluminium Alloy Ingots Iike LM-2, LM-4, LM-6 which are commonly used in Gravity and Sand Casting, Pressure Die Casting Alloys like LM-13, LM-14, LM-24, ADC-12, ALSI-132 etc are also being manufactured as per the Indian and International standards.
Classification of aluminum alloys
Classification of aluminum alloys is established by the International Alloy Designation System (IADS), based on the classification developed by Aluminum Association of the United States.
This classification is accepted by most countries.
wrought aluminum alloys
cast aluminum alloys
Wrought aluminum alloys
Wrought aluminum alloys are used in the shaping processes: rolling, forging, extrusion, pressing, stamping.
There are two principal groups of the wrought aluminum alloys:
Phase composition of wrought aluminum alloys
Non-heat-treatable alloys cannot be strengthened by heat treatment.
Alloys of 1xxx, 3xxx, 4xxx and 5xxx series are non-heat-treatable.
The initial strength of these alloys is achieved due to the hardening effect of the alloying elements: manganese (Mn), silicon (Si), magnesium (Mg).
Additional hardening of these alloys is done by cold work (strain hardening).
Non-heat-treatable alloys are ductile and moderately strong (depending on the alloying elements concentration).
The alloys from this group are supplied either in O condition (annealed) or in H condition (cold worked at various degrees).
Non-heat-treatable alloys are used for manufacturing deep drawn parts, sheets, foil, tubes, wire, extruded parts, pressure vessels.
CLASSIFICATION OF CAST ALUMINUM ALLOYS
CHEMICAL COMPOSITIONS OF SOME CAST ALUMINUM ALLOYS
ALUMINIUM ALLOY INGOT CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
USES AND APPLICATION
EXPORTS OF ALUMINIUM ALLOY INGOT
IMPORTS OF ALUMINIUM ALLOY INGOT
MANUFACTURERS/SUPPLIERS OF ALUMINIUM ALLOY
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM
PLANT AND MACHINERY
SUPPLIERS OF PLANT AND MACHINERY
SUPPLIERS OF RAW MATERIAL
APPENDIX – A :
1. COST OF PLANT ECONOMICS
2. LAND & BUILDING
3. PLANT AND MACHINERY
4. FIXED CAPITAL INVESTMENT
5. RAW MATERIAL
6. SALARY AND WAGES
7. UTILITIES AND OVERHEADS
8. TOTAL WORKING CAPITAL
9. COST OF PRODUCTION
10. PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
11. BREAK EVEN POINT
12. RESOURCES OF FINANCE
13. INTEREST CHART
14. DEPRECIATION CHART
15. CASH FLOW STATEMENT