Technology of Coating, Resins, Pigments and Inks Industries(e-Book)

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TECHNOLOGY OF COATINGS, RESINS, PIGMENTS & INKS INDUSTRIES

INTRODUCTION

  • Resins
  • Architectural paints
  • Powder coatings
  • Automotive coatings
  • Feng Shul
  • Creating homes
  • Resins
  • Monomer modifications
  • Changes in vegetable oil and fatty acid component

SIMPLE AND QUICK METHOD FOR THE MOLECULAR WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION STUDIES OF ALL ACRYLICS AND STYRENEACRYLIC EMULSION POLYMERS

  • Outcome of approach
  • Styrene acrylic emulsion
  • Significant observations
  • Allacrylic emulsion

EFFECT OF MODIFICATION WITH CARDANOL FORMALDEHYDE RESIN ON THE QUALITY OF RUBBER SEED OIL AND ITS ALKYDS AS BINDERS IN SURFACE COATINGS

  • Physico chemical Properties of rubber seed oil
  • Physico chemical properties  of  commercial CNSL
  • Experimental procedure
  • Major Fatty acid components of RSO
  • Preparation of the alkyds Preparation of cardanolformaldehyde (CF) resins (resoles)
  • Modification of RSO and its alkyds with CF resins
  • Physico chemical properties of the alkyds
  • Properties of the finished alkyds
  • Chemical Resistance of the unmodified alkyds

OPTICAL AND RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF LITHOGRAPHIC INKS

  • Crystallinity of Yellow 13-type pigments
  • Experiment
  • Optical properties of the inks
  • Rheology of inks
  • Complex viscosity N* and low shear flow
  • Comparison of TRM with beadmill + TRM inks

COATING AND COATING SYSTEM

  • Grain storage silos
  • Energy saving paints
  • Environmental assessment, preparation and protection using ISO standards

PROCESS CYCLE TIME REDUCTION OF HIGH SOLIDS ALKYD USING  TAGUCHI STATISTICAL TECHNIQUE

  • Taguchi Statistical Technique (TST)
  • Formulation used for 8 experiments as per L-8 Model
  • Properties of Resins
  • ANOVA summary on MG time
  • ANOVA summary on esterification time
  • ANOVA summary on colour
  • ANOVA summary on drying
  • Inference

PEARL LUSTRE PIGMENTS

  • Manufacturing and properties of pearl lustre pigments
  • Natural pearl Lustre pigments
  • Basic lead carbonate
  • Bismuth oxychloride
  • Metal oxide mica pigments
  • Manufacturing process for titanium dioxide mica pigments
  • Iron lil oxide mica pigments
  • Combination pigments
  • New pearl lustre pigments based on silica and alumina flakes
  • Effect pigments based on silica flakes
  • Effect pigments based on aluminal flakes
  • Functional metal oxide mica pigments
  • Bright conductive pigments
  • Magnetic pigments

DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES SUPPORT QUICKER, CONSISTENT AND EFFICIENT PRODUCTION OF INK

  • Indirect impacts
  • Focus on productivity
  • Direct delivery

MOLECULAR MODELLING A TOOL FOR POLYMER SYNTHESIS IN COATING INDUSTRY

  • Structure property relationship of polyester weatherability using FMOC
  • Frontier Densities of MPD and ND esters
  • Effect of enzyme and alkaline catalyst on conformation of alkyd
  • Kinetic modeling for condensation polymerisation
  • Modelling of molecular weight distribution for amino resin
  • Compositional heterogeneity in free radical polymerisation
  • Statistical or instantaneous heterogenerity
  • Multistate heterogeneity
  • Perturbed model and process heterogeneity
  • Perturbed model and process heterogeneity

COATING PROPERTIES OF CHEMOENZYMATICALLY SYNTHESISED AND CONVENTIONAL ALKYD RESINS

  • Experimental
  • Materials and methods
  • Enzymatic inter esterification oil and linseed oil (Scheme-1)
  • synthesis of alkyd resin based on Inter esterification product
  • Synthesis of conventional alkyd resin
  • Characterization
  • Thin layer chromatography
  • IR spectroscopy
  • Coating properties
  • Results and Discussion
  • Enzyme catalysed interesterification
  • Coating properties of alkyd resins

OLEOCHEMICALS FOR COATING INDUSTRIES

  • Process for Oleochemicals Production
  • Fat spliting
  • Alcoholysis
  • Esterification
  • Oxidation
  • Epoxidation and hydroxylation
  • Amidation
  • Dimerisation
  • Ethoxylation
  • Alkyds from oleochemicals
  • Isomerisation
  • Modification of phospholipids
  • Genetic engineering

NOVELTY FINISHES BASED ON ACID FUNCTIONAL ACRYLIC COPOLYMERS

  • Hexamethoxymethyldmelamine
  • Preparation of Novelty Finishes
  • Preparation of hammertone finishes
  • Preparation of multicolour finishes (paints)
  • Preparation of stipple finishes (paints)
  • Application of novelty finishes (paints)
  • Characterization of the novelty finishes (paints)
  • Results and Discussion
  • Nature of resin used in finishes
  • Type of pattern
  • Viscosity
  • Colour
  • Gloss
  • Films and their evaluation
  • Package Stability (Shelf Life) of the Finishes

POLYURETHANE COATINGS

  • One back moisture cured urethane systems
  • Two pack polyester polyol/polyisocynate system
  • Experimental
  • Material selection
  • Processing and testing

POWDER COATINGS

  • Research overview of UV curable powder coatings
  • Monitoring the photocuring process
  • Prospects for acrylic powder coatings
  • Blox thermoplastic powder coatings

LIQUID CRYSTALLINE POLYMERS FOR SURFACE COATINGS

  • Classification of liquid crystalline polymers
  • Transition to mesophase
  • Position of the mesogenic moiety in the polymer molecule
  • Synthesis of liquid crystalline of polymers
  • Liquid crystalline acrylic polymers
  • Liquid crystalline alkyd polymers, polyester polymers and oligoester diols
  • Liquid crystalline epoxy polymers
  • Characterization of liquid crystalline polymer
  • Advantages of liquid crystalline polymers
  • Guidelines for designing of liquid crystalline polymers

SYNTHETIC ORGANIC PIGMENTS

EQUIPMENT USED IN INKS INDUSTRY

  • Inventory management system
  • Innovative horizontal mill
  • Basic functionality
  • Top entry mills
  • Super fine grinding
  • Camberless rolls
  • Particle analyzer system

ANTIFOULING COATINGS

  • Fouling
  • Leaching rate factor
  • Dry film thickness
  • Antifouling coating types
  • Biocidal coatings
  • Environmental impact of TBT SPC antifoulings
  • Hslf life of TBT compounds
  • Replacement for TBT SPC coating
  • Nonbiocidal coatings
  • Silicone coatings

USAGE OF VEGETABLE OILS IN GREEN INKS

  • Fatty acid esters
  • Application of fatty esters in inks
  • Fatty acid esters as industrial cleaners

POLYMER MODIFIED WATERPROOFING SYSTEM

  • Types of available Waterproofing Systems
  • Waterproofing as a part of a large coating system

ACCELERATED TESTS FOR ANTICORROSIVE COATINGS

  • Coating material properties
  • Anticorrosive performance tests
  • Atmospheric anti corrosive test
  • Immersion/accelerated anticorrosion tests
  • Neutral salt spray test
  • Cold salt spray
  • Continuous condensation
  • Simulation of sunlight
  • Fluorescent UV lamps
  • Cycle corrosion tests
  • Types of cyclic corrosion tests
  • NACE TMO 184 cyclic corrosion test
  • Norsok cyclic test
  • Immersion performance tests
  • Chemical immersion tests
  • Cathodic protection tests
  • Sacrificial (Galvanic) CP system ASTM G8(1/5 volts)
  • Impressed current cathodic protection system
  • Evaluation of coatings

OPAQUE POLYMERS IN LATEX PAINTS

  • Principle of opacity
  • Particle size
  • Opacity of emulsion paints
  • Crowding effect
  • Opaque polymer in latex or emulsion paints
  • Air voids
  • Theory of air viids
  • Application of Opaque polymer
  • Substitution of catcined clay (Al-silicate) with opaque polymer
  • Physical Properties of Opaque Polymers
  • Benefits of opaque polymer

UV CURABLE POWDER COATINGS

  • Curing of powder coatings by using UV light
  • Radiation curing
  • Basic difference between thermosetting and UV curable powder coatings
  • Conventional thermosetting powder coatings
  • UV curable powder coatings
  • Photoinitiators
  • Pigments
  • Light stabilisers
  • UV absorbers (e.g. solid hydroxy phenyl-s-triazine)
  • Processing and application of UV curable powder coatings
  • UV sources
  • Standard mercury vapour lamps
  • Lamps doped with gallium lodide
  • Lamps dropped with iron iodide
  • UV curing superior quarts laboratory system
  • Conveyor belt
  • Conveyor belt speed
  • UV curing system forR & D unit
  • UV powder printer surfacer
  • Important properties
  • Advantages of UV curable powder coatings over conventional liquid UV curable coatings
  • Advantages of UV curable powder coatings
  • Limitations of UV curable powder coatings
  • Market scenario
  • Appeal to the users

POLYURETHANE COATINGS

  • Materials
  • Preparation of hydroxylated polyesters
  • Characterisation
  • Determination of molecular  weight, glass transition temperature and viscosity
  • Molecular weight and Tg
  • Diol variation and viscosity
  • Effect of  b-ketoester on the viscosity
  • Effect of temperature
  • Formulation and performance evaluation of coatings
  • Coating formulation
  • Preparation of test specimen
  • Test procedures
  • Percent solids of coatings
  • Adhesion
  • Tensile properties
  • Correlation between adhesion and tensile strength
  • Dynamic mechanical properties
  • Storage modulus. E
  • Determination of crosslink density M and T from DMTA measurements
  • Routine or conventional performance evaluation of  coatings
  • Corrosion resistance properties
  • Correlating the tensile properties dynamic properties and routine test methods

SUPERIOR COATINGS FROM CYCLOHEX ANONE FORMALDEHYDE-CNSL EPOXY BLENDS

  • Materials
  • Synthesis
  • Tests carried our for the study of coating properties
  • Dry time
  • Hardness
  • Gloss
  • Adhesion and flexibility
  • Storage stability
  • Chemical resistance

LUMINESENT BENZANTHRONE COLOURANTS

  • 3-Alkoxybenzanthrones
  • 3-Alkoxybenzanthrones
  • 3-Thiolkoxy and thioryloxy benzanthrones
  • 3-Aminobenzanthrone derivatives
  • 3-Triazinylaminobenzanthrones
  • Benzanthrone azomethine derivatives
  • 14-H(2.1.9 mna)   thioxanthene-14-ones

CARBON BLACKS IN CONVENTIONAL AND WATERSOLUBLE PAINT SYSTEMS

  • Colouristics
  • Influence of the carbon blacks on the colouristics of the coating
  • Tests in an alkyd-melamine system
  • Typical formulation based on alkyd/melamine system and Test Procedure
  • Influence of the carbon blacks on the coloristics based on a water based coating system
  • Formulation and test procedure
  • Tests in a water based coating containing additives
  • Formulation and test procedure Milibase
  • Incluence of the carbon black concentration on the jetness
  • Aniline black
  • Advantages

EPOXY FLOORING COMPOUNDS

  • Cementitious surfaces
  • Epoxy resins and their mechanisms
  • Range of Products
  • Chemical classification
  • Cross linking mechanism
  • Cross-linking with amines
  • Products for formulating epoxy floorings
  • Conventionally used epoxy flooring resins
  • Hardeners
  • Epoxy resin flooring compounds
  • Trowelled floorings
  • Preparation of trowelling mix
  • Special effects floorings

DEVELOPMENT OF INTERPENETRATING NETWORK OF URETHANE/ACRYLIC EMULSION FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

  • Polyurethane dispersions
  • Experimentation
  • Preparation of plain acrylic  emulsion
  • Preparation of IPN of urethane/acrylic  emulsion polymers
  • Preparation of physical blend of PUD and acrylic emulsion polymrs
  • Preparation of Paint
  • Paint testing
  • Initiator selection for development of IPN of urethane/acrylic emulsions
  • Influence of urethane/acrylic IPNs on development of hardness as a function of time
  • Particle size distribution of emulsions
  • % water absorption of emulsion films

USING MELAMINE CROSSLINKERS IN DEVELOPING HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

  • Amino synthetics
  • Crosslinker reactions

UV CURABLE COATINGS

  • Raw materials
  • Prepolymers or oligomers
  • Types of oligomers
  • Vinyl based oligomers
  • Acrylic prepolymers
  • Acrylated epoxies
  • Urethane acrylates
  • Polyester acrylates
  • Silicone arcylates
  • Acrylated acrylics
  • Water reducible prepolymers and emulsions
  • Advantages of using water based systems
  • Disadvantages of using  water based system
  • Non-vinyl based oligomers Unsafurated polyester
  • Thiol/ene system
  • Stability of prepolymers
  • Monomers (or) reactive diluents
  • Factors the formulators should take care while selecting the monomers
  • Difference between monofunctional and multifunctional monomers
  • Mono functional monomers
  • Multifunctional acrylate
  • Pigments/Fillers
  • Additives
  • Photoinitiators
  • Reaction mechanism
  • Echanism of polymerization of acrylate prepolymers
  • Sources of UV radiation
  • Arc Light
  • Reflector designs
  • Laser light
  • Application techniques of UV coatings
  • Roll coater
  • Curtain coater
  • Spray coater
  • Applications, advantages and disadvantages of UV curing coatings
  • Applications
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • Advances in UV curable coatings and  futire scp[e
  • Powder coatings
  • Election beam rcuring

PERYLENE PIGMENTS

  • Synthesis and recent developments
  • Properties and applications
  • Properties and aplications

ADVANCES IN MI NIMIZING DIRT PICK UP ON  EXTERIOR LATEX PAINTS

  • Dirt  pick up on latex paints cause and mechanism
  • Forms of dirt pick-up
  • Chemical nature of dirt
  • Quantitative assessment of dirt pick up on  latex paint firm
  • Mechanism of dirt release
  • Factors promoting dirt release
  • Incluence of glass transition temperature
  • Influence of monomer type
  • Influence of surface cross linking
  • Influence of PVC
  • Influence of hydrophobicity
  • Influence of surface morphology
  • Influence of coalescing agents
  • Influence of opaque polymer
  • Additional methods suggested to minimize the effect of dirt pick up

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND RELATED PAINTS

  • Need for energy conservation
  • Use of paints in energy conservation
  • Paints for solar collectors
  • Semiconductor pigmented selective paints
  • Inorganic metal oxide
  • Pigmented selective paints
  • Organic black pigmented selective paints
  • Metal dust pigmented selective paints
  • Paints for nuclear industry
  • Requirements and standards
  • Radiations effect
  • Radiation resistance of coatings
  • Radioactive contamination
  • Decontamination of painted surfaces
  • Formulation of decontaminated paints
  • Types of paints
  • Chlorinated rubber based paint
  • Epoxide resin paints
  • Polyurethane paint
  • Paints for radar application
  • Types of radar absorbing paints
  • Paints for insulation
  • Types of insulating paints
  • Insulation by paint with hollow microspheres
  • Insulation by paint with solid sphere
  • Insulation by paint with staple fibres
  • Insulation by paint with multi layer coating

RADIATION CURING AND FILM PROPERTIES OF MODIFIED EPOXY RESINS

  • Types of epoxy resins
  • Bisphenol A based epoxy resin
  • Other glycidyl based epoxy resins
  • Glycidyl ethers of aliphatic diols
  • Aromatic glycidyl amines
  • Epoxydised cycloaliphatic olefins
  • Gylcidyl esters
  • Novolac resins
  • Ingredients of novolac
  • Formaldehyde
  • Acid catalyst
  • Radiation curing
  • Oligomers (resin or binder)
  • Photoinitiators
  • Advantages of UV-curing
  • Application of UV-curing

PIGMENTS DISPERSIONS

  • Experimental Resin preparation
  • Performance in an ink application
  • Viscosity stability
  • Colour development
  • Theoretical considerations Physical chemistry characterization
  • Colloid properties of pigment dispersions
  • Colloid microstructure of pigment dispersions

COLOUR OF PIGMENTS

  • Absorption of visible radiation
  • Reflection and refraction light

CAPROLACTONE MODIFICATION OF POLYESTER RESINS

  • Unmodified polyester (UP)
  • Modified polyester 1(MP1)
  • Modified polyester 2(MP2)
  • Modified polyester 3(MP3)
  • Characterization of the polyester resins
  • Crosslinking and characterization of coating films

UTILISATION OF COST EFFECTIVE, NON-TRADITIONAL MATERIALS IN FORMULATION OF PROTECTIVE COATINGS

  • Characterization of fly ash and mahua oil
  • Isolation of fatty acids from mahua oil
  • Formulation of mahua fatty acids (MFA)
  • Preparation of resins and their modification
  • Characterization of the resins
  • Fly ash coatings based on MFA epoxy resins
  • Characterization of the coatings
  • Properties of fly ash
  • Characterization of MFA based epoxy ester resin

FLAME RETARDANT SMOKE SUPPRESSANT COATINGS FOR PVC SHEATHED ELECTRICAL CABLES

  • Preparation of FRSS coatings
  • Preparation of PVC specimens
  • Performance evaluation
  • Flammability
  • Smoke generation
  • Char formation

ALKYD AMINO COMBINATIONS BASED ON NEEM OIL AS FILM FORMING MATERIAL

  • Aim of present investigation
  • Use of oils in surface coatings
  • Neem oil
  • Composition of neem oil
  • Alkyd resins
  • Amino resins
  • Analysis of neem oil
  • Preparation of alkyd resin
  • Preparation of amino resin
  • Preparation of mixed resins
  • Testing of performances of resin samples

ACRYLICS

  • Terminology and monomers
  • Preparation of acrylic resins
  • Solution acrylic resins
  • Initiation
  • Propagation
  • Termination
  • Solution polymerization technique
  • Bulk polymerization
  • Suspension polymerization
  • Graft copolymerization
  • Radiation induced polymerization
  • Ionic polymerization
  • General properties imparted by acrylics & methacrylic monomers
  • Non aqueous dispersion acrylics
  • Thermosetting acrylic resins
  • Film formation
  • Acrylic latexes
  • Emulsion polymerization
  • Film formation of acrylic emulsions
  • Water phase
  • Solvent additions
  • Effect on film formation
  • Glass transition temperature and monomer composition

ADDITIVES IN PAINTS

  • Driers
  • Paint drier
  • Mechanism of drying
  • Effect of acidic radicles
  • Efficiency of drier
  • Manufacture of driers
  • Fusion process
  • Precipitated driers
  • Use of driers
  • Properties of various metals
  • Cobalt
  • Manganese
  • Lead
  • Cerium
  • Zirconium
  • Zinc
  • Aluminium naphthanates
  • Iron
  • Calcium
  • Copper naphthanate
  • Vanadium
  • Nickel
  • Chromium
  • Mercury naphthanate
  • Barium
  • Cadmium
  • Tin soaps
  • Magnesium
  • Antimony, silver, gold and palladium
  • Water borne drier
  • General recommendation of driers
  • Fish oils
  • CNSL-Based Compositions
  • Baking type finishes
  • Solvent type
  • Hydroquinone Phenolic
  • Oximes
  • Cyclohexanone oxime
  • Dispersing and wetting agents
  • Anti settling agents
  • Thixotropic agents
  • Flow and levelling control agents
  • Anti foaming agents

POLYESTER BASED WATER BORNE AND SOLVENT BORNE COIL COATINGS

  • Solvent Borne Coil Coating Resin
  • Water Borne Coil Coating Resin
  • Coating BAL-389
  • New Glycol Formulations

PROTECTION OF CONCRETE SUBSTRATES USING PROTECTIVE COATINGS

  • Differences Between concrete and Metallic Substrates
  • Construction Influence
  • Coatings used on Concrete
  • Organic coatings-Thin film
  • Modified epoxies
  • Furans
  • Organic coatings-Thick film
  • Elastomeric coatings
  • Resin-Rich system
  • Inorganic coatings
  • New Versus aged or Deteriorated Substrates
  • Quality Assurance

ZINC DUST PIGMENT

  • Scope and Field of Application
  • Required Characteristics and Their Tolerances
  • Residue on Sieve and Particle size (Optional)
  • Sampling
  • Determination of Total Zinc Content
  • Determination of Metallic Zinc by the Gas Evolution Method
  • Determination of Metallic Zinc by the Oxidimetric Method
  • Determination of Lead and Cadmium
  • Determination of Iron
  • Determination of Arsenic
  • Determination of Matter Insoluble in Acid

WATER BORNE COATINGS AND THEIR COLOURATION

  • Classifications and compositions
  • Colourants
  • Colouristic properties
  • Fastness properties
  • Resistance properties
  • Specific conductivity
  • Resin vehicles
  • Additives
  • Properties of water borne coatings
  • In package
  • In application
  • In dry film
  • Film resistance properties
  • Special advantage for printing sector
  • Advantages in the paint sector

CYCLOHEXANONE-BASED KETONIC RESINS SUITABLE FOR INK APPLICATION

  • Scope
  • Technological aspects
  • Preparation of ketonic resins from acetone
  • From methyl ethyl ketone
  • By vinyl polymerisation
  • From cyclic ketone
  • Thermoplastic resins
  • Versatile cyclohexanoneformaldehyde resin
  • From acetophenone
  • Criteria for selection of a resin for printing inks
  • Experimental work
  • Experimental procedure
  • Applications of ketonic resins

ADHESION OF UV CURABLE INKS AND VARNISHES

ALKYD MANUFACTURING PROCESS USING DESIGNED EXPERIMENTS

  • Problem
  • Study carried out
  • Analysis

CALCIUM CARBONATE EXTENDERS FOR POWDER COATING SYSTEMS

  • Preparation and application
  • Test procedures

PIGMENTS FOR PAINTS, INKS AND PLASTICS

DEVELOPMENTS IN RESINS FOR POWDER COATINGS

  • Pipes and rebars
  • Melting and curing scale
  • Role of particle shape and size
  • Film thickness

DESIGN OF PAINT FORMULATIONS ON THE BASIS OF SOLUBILITY PARAMETERS OF RESINS, PIGMENTS AND SOLVENTS

  • Scratch hardness
  • Practical adhesion of coatings
  • Water absorption in free films of paint coatings
  • Water vapour permeation through free films of paint coatings
  • Comparative assessment of the influence of solvent blends

POLYESTER RESIN-A SURFACE COATING AGENT

  • Raw Materials
  • Curing of Polyester Resin

SUPPLIERS OF PLANT AND MACHINERIES

SUPPLIERS OF RAW MATERIALS

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