Mango, Banana, Honey, Coconut & Vegetable Processing Plant

India is the second largest producer of vegetables in the world (surpassed only by China), accounting for about 10 per cent of the world’s production. In 2002, India produced 78.2 million tons from 5.73 million ha of land. Indian farmers grow an amazing number that is 175 different vegetables but potato, tomato, onion, cabbage and cauliflower account for 60 per cent of total production.

The financial year 2016-17 saw some of its highest mango yields in recent years with a production of 9,545 tonnes being reported by the state’s agriculture department. However, this season, the overall mango produce is expected to reap poor results with farmers in various parts of the state reporting nearly 20% lesser crop compared to last year. They have attributed the reasons for the same to climatic conditions that led to late fruiting of the crop.

“Figures, so far, indicate there has been only about 60-70% yield, but most of it was because of late-bearing mango varieties. Many of them are still being plucked. Once all of these are harvested, the final picture of the total produce will be clear. For now, farmers have reported 15-20% less crop in Sanguem as well as parts of Bardez indicating it was on the lower side as compared to last year,” said agriculture director Nelson Figueredo.

“The climate was not in favour of our crops’ production this time. Unseasonal rain that has been lashing the state since last month destroyed much of the produce,” said a farmer.

Weather parameters aside, there was a problem of fruit-flies in the middle of the season that affected ripe fruits, said principal scientist (horticulture), A R Desai from Old-Goa-based ICAR-CCARI. While the period for early-bearing varieties like the Mancurad, Xavier and Goan Alphonso are already over, farmers are now harvesting late varieties like the Mangilar and Fernandin.

Those from neighbouring states like the Ratnagiri Alphonso, Mallika from Hyderabad, Kesar from Pune and Totapuri from Bengaluru markets are also slowly receding from the local market as the seasonal fruit winds up for the year.

“The initial part of the season was very bleak but later varieties that came in, sort of, made up for it. Overall, this time, the season may have been a bit reasonable but there was not much profit from the mango fruit business,” said fruit vendor Nisar Nandihaldi.

It is projected that the domestic vegetable requirements will rise from current levels of 83-91 million tons to 151-193 million tons by 2030. Indian farmers today cannot meet the high domestic demand for vegetables, as India imports approximately $678 million of vegetables annually.

To increase domestic vegetable production, improvements are first needed in the vegetable seed industry. There are now more than 50 seed companies developing new vegetable varieties, with increased emphasis on high-yielding hybrids. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research has three major institutes for conducting research on vegetables: Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR) in Bangalore, Indian Institute for Vegetable Research (IIVR) at Varanasi, and Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI) in New Delhi. Almost all agricultural universities and the State Department of Agriculture are involved in vegetable research and development. Among the 25,000 plant scientists in India, at least 1,000 are conducting research on vegetables. To increase year-round vegetable consumption, the seasonality of production must be reduced. Processing can make vegetables more accessible year-round, but less than 7 per cent of India’s vegetable production is processed. Another factor that limits consumption is post-harvest damage.

Currently 20-25 per cent of vegetables produced are lost due to poor post-harvest handling, and in the case of tomato and cabbage, Post- harvest losses are as high as 60 per cent. To remedy these losses, special cold storage vegetable markets and supermarkets are emerging in metropolitan areas. Specialized vegetable marketing centers are organized in strategic locations and vegetables farmers receive assistance to transport and systematically market their produce.

Banana is a globally important fruit crop with 97.5 million tones of production. In India it supports livelihood of million of people. With total annual production of 16.91 million tones from 490.70 thousand ha., with national average of 33.5 T/ha. Maharashtra ranks first in production with 60 T/ha. Banana contributes 37% to total fruit production in India.

Banana is one of the major and economically important fruit crop of Maharashtra. Bananas occupy 20% area among the total area under crop in India. Maharashtra ranks second in area and first in productivity in India. Jalgaon is a major Banana growing district in Maharashtra which occupy 50,000 hectares area under Banana. But most of Banana is grown by planting suckers. The technology development in agriculture is very fast, it results in developing Tissue Culture Technique.

Banana is highly nutritious and easily digestible than many other fruits. Digestion time of banana fruit is less (105 min) than apple (210 min). Bananas are popular for aroma, texture and easy to peel and eat, besides rich in potassium and calcium and low in sodium content.

EIRI have recently prepared a Detailed Project Report on this unit covering all the following contents, Entrepreneurs may contact at: eiri@eiriindia.org or Call at: +91 9811437895 for more details.

Following are the Contents covering in this Detailed Project Report prepared by EIRI (eiri@eiriindia.org)

INTRODUCTION
VITAMINS AND MINERALS
INTRODUCTION OF HONEY
INTRODUCTION OF BANANA
MARKET POTENTIAL OF VEGETABLE
FLOW – CHART SHOWING THE MAJOR ACTIVITIES
OF THE VEGETABLE PARK
OVERVIEW OF MANGO
MANGO IN INDIA
MANGO GROWING STATES IN INDIA
MANGO IN KERALA & SWOT ANALYSES
PROBLEMS IN MANGO PRODUCTION
REGIONAL COLLECTION CENTRES
ROUND THE YEAR UTILIZATION OF THE FACILITIES
COMMERCIAL VARIETY OF MANGO
VALUE ADDITION IN MANGO
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF CANNED MANGO PULP
FLOW SHEET FOR PRODUCTION OF CANNED MANGO PULP
MANGO PULP MANUFACTURING
OUTLINE OF THE CANNING PROCESS
DETAILS OF CANNING
SPECIFICATIONS OF LACQUERED TIN CANS
FLOW SHEET OF MANGO PULP
POLLUTION CONTROL IN FRUITS & VEGETABLE PROCESSING PLANTS
COMPOSITION AND VARIETY OF ONION
ONION VARIETIES SUITABLE FOR DEHYDRATION
MARKET SURVEY OF BANANA AND BANANA PRODUCTS
EXPORT DATA OF BANANA POWDER
MARKET POSITION OF BANANA OF INDIA
TOP 5 COMMERCIALLY GROWN BANANA VARIETIES IN INDIA:
MARKET POSITION OF BANANA (GLOBAL)
VALUE ADDITION IN BANANA
BANANA PRODUCTS
PROCESSING DETAILS OF BANANA POWDER
PROPERTIES OF BANANA
COMPOSITION OF RIPE BANANA PER 100 GMS
FEATURES AND SPECIFICATIONS OF BANANA PULP
BANANA PROCESSING AND WASTE UTILIZATION
USES & APPLICATION OF BANANA PRODUCTS
METHOD OF HARVESTING AND POST HARVEST TECHNOLOGY
OF BANANA
POST HARVEST TECHNOLOGY
PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF BANANA
A FLOW – CHART SHOWING THE MAJOR ACTIVITIES
OF THE BANANA PARK
UTILIZATION OF DIFFERENT PLANT PARTS OF BANANA
MANUFACTURING PROCESSES OF BANANA POWDER
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM OF BANANA POWDER
DETAILS OF BANANA POWDER
MANUFACTURING OF BANANA POWDER FROM BANANA PULP
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF BANANA POWDER/FLOUR
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM OF BANANA FLOUR/POWDER
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF BANANA PULP
PROCESS FLOW SHEET
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF BANANA CHIPS
FLOW SHEET OF THE MANUFACTURING MACHINE
DETAILS OF BANANA PRODUCTS AND THEIR PROCESSES
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF VEGETABLE DEHYDRATION
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF POTATO DEHYDRATION
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF GARLIC DEHYDRATION
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF ONION DEHYDRATION
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM
PROCESS IN DETAILS OF DEHYDRATION OF VEGETABLES
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM FOR DEHYDRATION OF FRUITS
& VEGETABLES BY VACUUM DRYING METHOD
FUTURE POTENTIAL OF BEEKEEPING IN INDIA
TOP GLOBAL PRODUCER OF HONEY
WORLD SCENARIO OF HONEY
COMPOSITION OF HONEY
PROPERTIES OF HONEY
USES & APPLICATIONS OF HONEY
HONEY IN BAKING
HONEY IN CONFECTIONERY
CLASSIFICATION OF HONEY
GRADES OF HONEY
CHARACTERISTICS AND COMPOSITION OF BEESWAX
BEEKEEPING & HONEY PROCESSING
HONEY EXTRACTION
VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS FOR HONEY
METHOD OF HONEY PRODUCTION & PROCESSING
INTERNATION SCENARIO OR COCONUT
SCENARIO OF COCONUT IN INDIA
MANUFACTURING PROCESSES OF COCONUT PRODUCTS
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF MANGO JAM
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF DRIED MANGO POWDER (AMCHUR)
PLANT LAYOUT
SUPPLIERS OF PLANT AND MACHINERY FOR HONEY PROCESSING
LIST AND COST OF PLANT AND EQUIPMENTS

APPENDIX – A:

  1.      COST OF PLANT ECONOMICS
    2.      LAND & BUILDING
    3.      PLANT AND MACHINERY
    4.      FIXED CAPITAL INVESTMENT
    5.      RAW MATERIAL
    6.      SALARY AND WAGES
    7.      UTILITIES AND OVERHEADS
    8.      TOTAL WORKING CAPITAL
    9.      COST OF PRODUCTION
    10.      PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
    11.      BREAK EVEN POINT
    12.      RESOURCES OF FINANCE
    13.      INTEREST CHART
    14.      DEPRECIATION CHART
    15.      CASH FLOW STATEMENT
    16.      PROJECTED BALANCE SHEET
Plant Capacity MANGO BANANA HONEY,COCONUT
Land and Building (8 Acres)
Plant & Machinery Rs. 12.80 Cr
Rate of Return 22%
Break Even Point 52%
profit on sales per year Rs.16.91 Cr