Sanding Sealer, Lacquer, Pu Wood Coating & Varnish Manufacturing with Formulae

There is a huge demand of Sanding sealer, Lacquer, Wood Coating and varnish products in India and overseas countries. Sanding sealer is a liquid coat that seals wood and prevents the surface from absorbing varnish. It is a hard first coat that seals without obscuring the grain of the wood. It helps woodworkers achieve a smooth, even finish on a wood furniture. By design, sanding sealer serves as a “sandable” sealer, which means it can easily be sanded after application without impacting its effectiveness on the wood . Polyurethane (PU) coatings are particularly recommended for application to surfaces subject to high levels of wear-and-tear, where excellent chemical/physical resistance is required.

Sanding sealer is typically very thin, and dries very quickly to condition the wood in order to allow for less lean time. By applying sanding sealer during the finishing process, woodworkers minimize rough textures and create a smooth finish. Sanding sealers are used to eliminate stains. It can be applied over wood stain or bare wood, depending on the desired appearance, but before any protective coating or finish. This stains include those from water and fire damage. The sealer is then applied over the entire surface using a brush or foam pad after the stain is dried. The sealer must then be allowed to dry completely before proceeding to sanding. The surface is then sanded using a sanding paper before subsequent coats are applied. Sealers may be transparent and sometimes act as primers. Some sealers are designed to be left uncoated and thus can also be used as a varnish, however this is not recommended. Sealers are absorbed quickly by spongy woods, and this can prevent the formation of a film on the wood, leading to an effective seal. Sanding sealers contains zinc stearate, which helps it seal soft woods quickly and makes the wood easier to sand. However, if a lacquer finish is intended to be used above the sanding sealer, more than one or two coats should not be applied as a buildup of sealer can cause the lacquer to chip. Waterborne and solvent borne coatings for wooden surfaces which is widely utilized at various residential and commercial settings. This comprises of acid curing and PU type coatings which must be carefully developed at highly advanced R&D centers.

The manufacturing of the varnish is the first step in the ink manufacturing cycle, involving the incorporation of the raw materials selected to provide the intrinsic characteristics of the ink. In fact, the varnish constitutes the body of the ink: the “structural” properties of the ink depend on the quality and the properties of the resins, diluents and oils (in the case of offset inks) or solvents (in the case of liquid inks) used in the composition of the varnish.

In the current market, most sanding sealers which have good drying capability have not been able to meet users’ requirements, prompting the present research study to attempt to calibrate the different qualities of the various available products, to produce sanding sealer of low drying time and also identify the raw materials that could be combined to obtain optimal sanding sealer formulation that would compete with already existing ones.

The  modern wax based polishes were first introduced as  wax solvent  paster  in  the late nineteenth  century  up  till  then floors, furniture and other surfaces were treated by a variety of methods  such  as scrubbing oiling sanding, varnishing and wood polishing. Waxes such as bees wax had been used long before  this for treating  wooden surfaces but these had  to  be  labourising applied by rubbering with a block of the material concerned later paster  of  bees wax is turpentine or emulsions of wax in soda solutions were used but these again required the expenditure or vasts amounts of time and energy to achieve  a  rates  factory surfaces gloss.

From today new manufacturing techniques and the inclusion of additives such  as silicone are continually  being  experimented with  to  improve  the finished product. Although a number of special wax polished have developed for application to specific surfaces such as footwear motor cars, furniture and floors,  two principal types of polish can be distinguished . There are  other process  in  which  the wax base is dissolved  in  a  non-aqueous solvent  (Paste  polished) and those in which the wax is  in  the form  of an aqueous emulsion (liquid polish). In both cases the waxes to be used are broken up i.e. crushes in crushing machine and then melted in steam or electrically heated pans.
EIRI, India have just prepared the Detailed Project Report of aforesaid industry and the following all the contents are part of the project report, The said report  contains Manufacturing Process and Formulations also to start the own unit apart from the other relevant details, Entrepreneurs may contact: eiri@eiriindia.org or www.eiriindia.org Helpline: +91 9811437895 Mr. Gupta
COST ESTIMATION

Plant  Capacity                                                :       2.00 TON/day
land & Building (1500 Sq.mt)                       :       Rs. 1.73  Cr
Plant & Machinery                                           :       Rs. 54.00 Lacs
Working Capital for 2 Months                       :       Rs. 1.52 Cr
Total Capital Investment                                :       Rs. 3.86 Cr
Rate of Return                                                 :        28%
Break Even Point                                             :       51%

  • Introduction
  • Properties Of Sanding Sealer
  • Properties And Charteristics Of Polyurethane Varnish
  • Uses And Application Of Sanding Sealer
  • Uses And Application Of Pu Varnish
  • Uses And Application Of Wood Polish
  • Nitrocellulose Lacquer (Solvent Based)
  • Features Of Sanding Sealer
  • Wood Varnish And Its Types
  • Types Of Lacquer
  • Overview Of Wood Coatings
  • Market Survey
  • Manufacturers/Suppliers Of Sanding Sealer
  • Pu Wood Coating
  • Formulation Of Sanding Sealer
  • Formulation Of Sanding Sealer
  • High Viscosity Wood Sealer And Lacquer Formulation
  • Formulation Of Solvent
  • For Lacquer & Sealer
  • Formulation Of Wood Coating
  • (Pu Based) (Cleared)
  • Formulation Polyurethane Varnish
  • (Solvent Based)
  • Acid Catalyzed Wood Coatings
  • Acid Catalyzed Acrylic Topcoal
  • Pu Wood Coat Glossy Clear
  • Wood Coat Sealer And Primer
  • (Solvent Borne Sealer)
  • Formulations Of Wood Polish
  • Manufacturing Process Of Sanding Sealer
  • Technical Data Of Sanding Sealer
  • Process Of Manufacture Of Wood Polish
  • Process Flow Diagram For The Manufacture Of Wood Polish (Non-Alcoholic)
  • Detailed Manufacturing Process Of Wood Polish
  • Process Flow Diagram For The Manufacturing Of Wood Polish
  • Method Of Wood Finishing
  • Finishing Process Of Nitrocellulose Lacquer
  • Plant Layout
  • Principles Of Plant Layout
  • Plant Location Factors
  • Explanation Of Terms Used In The Project Report
  • Project Implementation Schedules
  • Suppliers Of Raw Materials
  • Suppliers Of Plant And Machineries

APPENDIX – A:

1.      Cost Of Plant Economics
2.      Land & Building
3.      Plant And Machinery
4.      Fixed Capital Investment
5.      Raw Material
6.      Salary And Wages
7.      Utilities And Overheads
8.      Total Working Capital
9.      Cost Of Production
10.      Profitability Analysis
11.      Break Even Point
12.      Resources Of Finance
13.      Interest Chart
14.      Depreciation Chart
15.      Cash Flow Statement
16.      Projected Balance Sheet